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Terpene Spotlight: Caryophyllene

Caryophyllene is the terpene in the spotlight today! Yes caryophyllene, try saying that three times fast. Despite the mouth full of a name, this unique terpene is quite the nose full and is that terpene that many describe when describing their favorite kind of strains’ smells, but can’t put their finger on the name of the terpene at the source. Caryophyllene activates the C2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system, located most heavily in the digestive area of the body. 

Which strains are heavy in Caryophyllene?

Some of everyone’s favorite and most classic strains are significantly heavy in caryophyllene. Strains that are typically categorized as spicy and funky are likely to be dense in it. Some crowd favorites, GSC, Blue Dream, Zkittles, and even OG Kush are all heavy with caryophyllene. There is no psychoactive component to caryophyllene, but that doesn’t change the fact that it has a number of positive body effects that make it an ideal terpene to seek out in strains thanks to the entourage effect!

How can I tell if a strain has Caryophyllene?

Nose goes! As we’ve learned in previous weeks, terpenes are best recognized through their unique smell profiles. The herbal, spicy, notes in caryophyllene make it easy to pick out in comparison to sweet, citrusy, and earthy scent dense terpenes. As always, cannabis testing is the only fool proof way to determine the percentage of caryophyllene in a strain. Unfortunately, caryophyllene is present in just as many sativa strains as indicas and hybrids. Doing your research in what strains are known to contain it, such as the list above, is ideal.

What are the medical benefits of Caryophyllene?

Like many terpenes, in particular in combination with cannabinoids, caryophyllene has a number of potential medical benefits. Anti-anxiety and anti-inflammation are the most documented benefits of caryophyllene, but some studies have also shown it to have assisted in increasing efficacy in chemotherapy outcomes. There are still more studies that need to be done to prove such, but it exhibits tremendous potential. It is also said to have antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cardioprotective properties.

Where else is Caryophyllene present?

This spicy terpene may smell so familiar due to its significant presence in cooking herbs such as basil, oregano, hops, cloves, cinnamon, rosemary and black pepper. It also of course can also be found in their essential oils as well. It also has preservative properties that have led to it being utilized in beer production, and flavor benefits that have led it to being utilized as flavor additives in many foods! 

The easiest way to remember caryophyllene is “Caryophyllene is in cloves for cooking!” Anytime it smells like your cannabis may have come from the kitchen, it’s probably the overwhelming smell of caryophyllene, which as we know now, is a tasty terpene too!